Sunday, January 31, 2010

How to create a great anticipatory set for your lessons

Creating lesson plans is an important part of teaching even if you merely create an outline. The anticipatory set is an important part of your lesson and lesson planning. Too often teachers begin their lessons by saying “open your books to page…”  Our students end up looking like the people in the picture above, bored and uninterested.

The anticipatory set, often called the hook, is basically the attention getter for the lesson.  It is supposed to generate interest in your students.  This should be something that focuses the students’ attention on what they are about to learn and it should relate to some prior knowledge.

You will need to review any vocabulary, terms, concepts, or grammar that the students will need to recall in order to proceed with the next lesson.  For example, with Spanish, if the students are going to be learning about how to say the date in Spanish you should do a quick review of the numbers and days of the week.
Sometimes you might want to incorporate a KWL chart.   This is a graphic organizer in which students write down what they know, what they want to know and what they learned.  There are some great printable templates out there.  Just google KWL chart.

You can even print a KWL chart in Spanish!

As the teacher you need to be excited about the new material.  If the teacher is not excited how can he/she expect the students to be excited?

Try to incorporate ways to target the various multiple intelligences. (Howard Gardner came up with the theory of multiple intelligences in which people tend to be stronger in different areas: verbal, mathematical, musical, visual, bodily-kinesthetic,  interpersonal, natural, existential)

Work at doing 3-4 different techniques each week.  Soon it will become a habit.  Here are some ideas:

Do a short question/ answer review

Tell a short story that gets students interested about the lesson

Get students moving.  This could be a game, or something where they respond to you by standing.  Or do some sort of total physical response activity.

Ask a personal question.  For example if my students were about to learn about the weather in Spanish I might start class by asking “what is the worst kind of weather you have ever been in” and/or “what is your favorite kind of weather?”  Students will say various things like “I like the rain.” And you can reply, “Si, te gusta la lluvia.”…
This is easy to do and so much more interesting and motivating than “open your books to page…”

These are just some ideas to get you started.  This should increase student motivation and excitement in your classroom.  Have fun!

Other Graphic Organizers in Spanish

1 comment:

Carissa Peck said...

Great! I like starting with relevant brain teasers or pictures (sometimes both). So when teaching punctuation (I teach upper level EFL classes) I show them a sentence constructed only of punctuation I found on post secret(, after they have deciphered it we talk about which punctuation marks on the paper they know the name of, which they don't and the uses (which leads nicely into my lessons!)